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Aikido Terms
Aikido is a traditional Japanese martial art. Therefore, you will encounter many Japanese terms used to describe concepts and techniques that are unique to Aikido and Japanese Budo. Below is a partial list of some of the words you may encounter.

A
Aihanmi (eye-hahn-mhee) 相半身: same-side stance
Aikido (eye-khee-doh) 合気道: art founded by Morihei Ueshiba (O-Sensei), the way of Aiki
Aikidoka (eye-khee-doh-kah) 合気道家: Aikido practitioner
Aikiotoshi (eye-khee-oh-toh-shee) 合気落とし: Aiki drop
Aiuchi (eye-oo-chee) 合打ち: mutual destruction
Atemi (ah-tey-mhee) 当て身: a strike to an opening

B
Bokken (boh-keyn) 木剣: wooden practice sword
Budo (boo-doh) 武道: martial way
Budoka (boo-doh-kah) 武道家: martial arts practitioner
Bushi (boo-shee) 武士: warrior
Bushido (boo-shee-doh) 武士道: the way of the warrior

C
Chi (chee) 地: earth

D
Dan (dahn) 段: degree (black belt rank)
Deshi (dey-shee) 弟子: a student, a disciple
Do (doh) 道: way, path
Dogi (doh-gee) 道着: practice uniform
Dojo (doh-joh) 道場: place where one studies a “do” or way
Domo Arigato Gozaimashita (doh-moh ah-ree-gah-toh goh-zeye-mahsh-tah) どうもありがとうございました: thank you very much
Doshu (doh-shoo) 道主: the person who shows the way; current leader of Aikikai Aikido

G
Gokyo (goh-khee-oh) 五教: fifth teaching, fifth movement
Gyakuhanmi (ghee-ah-khoo-hahn-mhee) 逆半身: opposite-side stance

H
Hakama (hah-kah-mah) 袴: traditional pleated pants worn by the samurai and by budoka
Hanmi (hahn-mhee) 半身: the basic triangular stance of Aikido (Aihanmi is “same stance”; Gyakuhanmi is “opposite stance”)
Hanmihandachi (hahn-mhee-hahn-dah-chee) 半身半立: technique is which nage is seated and uke is standing
Hara (hah-rhah) 腹: one’s center, found two fingers width below the navel
Henkawaza (heyn-kah-wah-zah) 変化技: changing from one technique to another
Hiji (hee-jhee) 肘: elbow
Hijiate (hee-jhee-ah-tey) 肘当て: applying pressure against the elbow
Hijitori (hee-jhee-toh-rhee) 肘取り: elbow grab
Hombu Dojo (hohm-boo doh-joh) 本部道場: the international headquarters of Aikido located in Tokyo, Japan

I
Ichi (ee-chee) 一: one or first
Ikkyo (ee-khee-oh) 一教: the first teaching, the first movement
Irimi (ee-rhee-mhee) 入身: the act of entering directly into the attack, entering with the body
Iriminage (ee-rhee-mhee-nah-ghey) 入身投げ: a throw whose main component is the irimi entrance

J
Jiyuwaza (jhee-oo-wah-zah) 自由技: free-style practice
Jo (joh) 杖: short wooden staff usually 50-54 inches in length

K
Kaeshiwaza (khuy-shee-wah-zah) 返し技: reversal technique
Kaiten (kye-teyn) 回転: pivot requiring turning of the hips
Kaitenage (kye-teyn-nah-ghey) 回転投げ: revolving throw
Kami (kah-mhee) 神: God(s) or Spirit(s)
Kamiza (kah-mhee-zah) 上座、神座: Altar
Katatori (kah-tah-toh-rhee) 肩取り: shoulder grab
Katatetori (kah-tah-tey-toh-rhee) 片手取り: one-hand grab
Keiko (khey-koh) 稽古: practice
Keikogi (khey-koh-ghee) 稽古着: practice
Ken (kheyn) 剣: sword
Kenjutsu (kheyn-joot-soo) 剣術: sword techniques
Ki (khee) 気: life energy
Kokyu (koh-khee-oo) 呼吸: breath or breathing
Kokyuho / Kokyudosa (koh-khee-oo-hoh / koh-khee-oo-doh-sah) 呼吸法: an exercise in blending your energy with that of your partner
Kokyunage (koh-khee-oo-nah-ghey) 呼吸投げ: Breath throw
Kosatori (koh-sah-toh-rhee) こさ取り: cross-hand grab
Koshinage (koh-shee-nah-ghey) 腰投げ: hip throw
Kotegaeshi (koh-tey-ghuy-shee) 小手返し: wrist twist
Kubishime (koo-bee-shee-mhey) 首絞め: choke hold
Kumitachi (koo-mhee-tah-chee) 組太刀: paired sword practice
Kyu (khee-oo) 級: grades preceeding yudansha rank

M
Maai (mah-eye) 間合: distance, separation
Mae (mhuy) 前: front
Misogi (mhee-soh-ghee) 禊: spiritual cleansing
Morotetori (moh-rhoh-tey-toh-rhee) 諸手取り: grabbing one hand with two hands
Munetsuki (moo-ney-tskee) 胸突き: a strike or thrust to the upper body
Musubi (moo-soo-bhee) 結び: connect

N

Nagare (nah-gah-reh) 流れ:to flow or stream
Nage (nah-ghey) 投げ: a throw, one who throws (opposite of uke)
Nikyo (nhee-khee-oh) 二教: second teaching, second movement

O
Omote (oh-moh-tey) 表: to the front
Onegaishimasu (oh-nhey-gye-shee-mahs) お願いします: please (used when bowing to partner before practice)
O-Sensei (oh-sen-sey) 翁先生: great teacher
Otoshi (oh-toh-shee) 落とし: a drop, a throw

R
Randori (rahn-doh-rhee) 乱取り: multiple-attack practice
Ryokatatori (rhee-oh-kah-tah-toh-rhee) 両肩取り: two-shoulder grab
Ryotetori (rhee-oh-tey-toh-rhee) 両手取り: two-hand grab (two hands grabbing two hands)
Ryu (rhee-oo) 流: a school or a style

S
Sankyo (sahn-khee-oh) 三教: third teaching, third movement
Seiza (sey-zah) 正座: traditional Japanese seated position
Sensei (sen-sey) 先生: a teacher, one who gives guidance
Shidoin (shee-doh-een) 指導員: senior instructor
Shihan (shee-hahn) 師範: teacher who presides over region
Shihonage (shee-hoh-nah-ghey) 四方投げ: four-direction throw
Shikko (shee-koh) 膝行: walking on one’s knees
Shomen (shoh-meyn) 正面: the head, the front
Shomenuchi (shoh-meyn-oo-chee) 正面打ち: strike to the front of the head
Soto (soh-toh) 外: outside; opposite of uchi
Suburi (soo-boo-rhee) 素振り: repititious motion performed to perfect movement
Sumiotoshi (soo-mhee-oh-toh-shee) 隅落し: corner drop
Suwariwaza (soo-wah-rhee-wah-zah) 座り技: seated technique

T
Tachi (tah-chee) 太刀: sword
Tachiwaza (tah-chee-wah-zah) 立ち技: standing technique
Taisabaki (tye-sah-bah-khee) 体捌き: evasive body movement
Tegatana (tey-gah-tah-nah) 手刀: hand blade
Ten (teyn) 天: heaven
Tenchinage (teyn-chee-nah-ghey) 天地投げ: heaven-and-earth throw
Tatami (tah-tah-mhee) 畳: traditional Japanese straw mats
Tenkan (teyn-kahn) 転換: 180 degree pivot on the front foot
Tori (toh-rhee) 取り: a grab, a hold
Tsuki (tskee) 突き: thrust or punch

U
Uchi (oo-chee) 内: inside; opposite of soto
Uchideshi (oo-chee-dey-shee) 内弟子: live-in student or disciple
Udegarami (oo-dey-gah-rhah-mhee) 腕がらみ: arm entwinement technique
Udekimenage (oo-dey-khee-mey-nah-ghey) 腕極め投げ: a throw applying pressure against the elbow
Ueshiba Morihei (Oo-eh-she-bah Moh-rhee-hey) 植芝盛平: founder of Aikido, referred to as O-Sensei
Ueshiba Kisshomaru (Oo-eh-shee-bah Khee-shoh-mah-rhoo) 植芝吉祥丸: 2nd Doshu, O-Sensei’s son
Ueshiba Moriteru (Oo-eh-shee-bah Moh-rhee-tey-rhoo) 植芝守央: 3rd Doshu, O-Sensei’s grandson
Uke (oo-khey )受け: one who receives the force, the person who is thrown (opposite of nage)
Ukemi (oo-khey-mhee) 受け身: the art of falling
Ura (oo-rha)裏: back, to the rear
Ushiro (oo-shee-rhoh) 後ろ: behind
Ushirotekubitori (oo-shee-rhoh-tey-khoo-bhee-toh-rhee) 後ろ手首取り: wrist grab from behind
Ushirowaza (oo-shee-rhoh-wah-zah) 後ろ技: techniques in which one is attacked from behind

W
Waza (wah-zah) 技: techniques

Y
Yokomen (yoh-koh-meyn) 横面: to the side
Yokomenuchi (yoh-koh-meyn-oo-chee) 横面打ち: strike or cut to the side of the head
Yonkyo (yohn-khee-oh) 四教: fourth teaching, fourth movement
Yudansha (yhoo-dahn-shah) 有段者: those who have achieved black-belt level

Z
Za (zah) 座: seated, sit
Zarei (zah-ray) 座礼: seated bow